Cypher was recently provided with an abstract of a study conducted on an EarthZyme® haul road application at an open-pit coal mine in Xilinhot, China, by Shenhua Beidian Shengli Energy Co. Ltd. Following the success of a demo road in 2013, the mining operation built an additional 10km of EarthZyme® haul road in 2014. Over the following year of operation, the mine haul road was carefully monitored and tested for vehicle rolling resistance, while simultaneously comparing operational costs. Once the field study was complete and a careful analysis was conducted, the abstract was released, containing the study results. Approximately 1 million gallons of fuel saved per year. At an approximate rate of $3.60 USD per US gallon, approximately $3.6 million USD in fuel savings per year. EarthZyme® road exhibited substantial increases in engineering properties, requiring minimal maintenance. Increased vehicle stability resulted in reduced tire wear and other maintenance costs.
Enzyme and Polymer Contributions and Improvements in Adobe Materials Mudbrick has become an important material in construction as environmental pollution increases. One of the weakest aspects of the adobe material is its ability to absorb water. When water comes in contact with the soil it can often cause the soil to lose cohesion, which leads to a considerable decrease in strength. In this study, additives comprised of enzymes and polymers were used to increase the water resistance in adobe structures. Furthermore, samples were produced to compare the results without any additives. The specimens were left for 30 days to gain strength prior to performing water absorption and pressure tests. A chemical analysis has been carried out in order to understand the content of the soil used in the sample production. It can be concluded that the additives used in the tests result in adobes with higher water resistance. The … Read More
Salt-Tolerant Hydrocarbon-Degrading Microbial Consortium for Rapid Bioremediation in Soils Co-Contaminated with Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Salts This study shows that UltraZyme® exhibits a significant tolerance to salts up to concentrations of 10% when degradable organics are readily available in the dissolved phase. When UltraZyme® is exposed to non-aqueous phase hydrocarbons, UltraZyme®’s salt tolerance decreases to 2.5%. However, 2.5% NaCl is still within or greater than the common ranges of salt concentrations encountered in hydrocarbon and salt-contaminated soils. For cases of high-salinity petroleum-contaminated soils and groundwater, we successfully isolated hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria adapted to 10% (w/v) NaCl. Our bioremediation experiment indicated that UltraZyme® exhibited a strong capability to degrade semi-volatile F2 hydrocarbons (>C10-C16). These hydrocarbons are a common environmental concern and must be remediated in soil environments. This study additionally provides a tool for assessing and tracking hydrocarbon-degrading microbial genes for natural and engineered environmental systems. It also makes recommendations concerning the … Read More
Assessing the Effectiveness of an Enzyme Soil Stabilizer Red River valley soils are rich in clay and silt. While this may be beneficial for agricultural uses, fine-grained soils can be problematic as construction materials for roads and foundations. Clay soils have an affinity for weakening during wet weather. They often experience considerable swelling and shrinkage in response to moisture changes. If silt is present, it can be prone to frost heaving in the winter. A number of solutions are applied to mitigate potential construction problems. They range from replacing the fine-grained soil with granular material and the use of geosynthetic reinforcement, to the use of soil additives. An emerging category of soil additives are natural, organic and biodegradable products. Although this type of additive has been applied to stabilizing soils for more than twenty years, there is still very little information describing its use in road construction. A characteristic of … Read More
Dust Stop Liquid Concentrate is a 100% environmentally friendly solution that is very effective for long term dust and erosion control for tailings piles consisting of any material. After application of the emulsion to the tailings, the water evaporates and the polymer particles pack closely together to form a continuous film. Moreover, the application of Dust Stop leads to the isolation of the polymer by the removal of water. In this way, Dust Stop transforms into a flexible polymer film. The ability of Dust Stop to coalesce into a durable, strong, water resistant film allows it to encapsulate all of the dust generating material to prevent it from becoming airborne particulates. Essentially the polymers are a binding agent; they bind to all solids they come into contact with, as well as binding to the other polymers in the mix. This forms a consolidated film or barrier that locks in all … Read More
The use of environmentally friendly EarthZyme soil stabilizer can dramatically reduce costs associated with the construction and maintenance of new haul roads and the stabilization of existing haul roads. EarthZyme is a concentrated blend of enzymes, electrolytes and surfactants that produces significant engineering improvements on suitable soils. After an application of EarthZyme, soils with high clay content have shown to yield higher densities, increased CBR (California Bearing Ratio) values, and reduced permeability and expansion. EarthZyme works on clay based soils, stabilizing them to comparable strengths of traditional aggregate haul roads, therefore resulting in significant cost savings in expensive raw material inputs such as coarse sand and gravel, which are not required when a soil is stabilized with EarthZyme. Specifically, a study conducted in the Athabasca Oil Sands displayed that building haul roads with EarthZyme was both cheaper and faster than traditional gravel construction. This report will go into greater detail … Read More
Rural roads in southwestern Manitoba and across Canada suffer from chronic rapid deterioration requiring expensive ongoing maintenance. The current research is an integral part of the initial attempt at stabilizing rural gravel roads with the introduction of aggregate gravel materials with a high content of reactive clays, organic catalysts, in conjunction with the use and application of appropriate construction protocols. A one-mile test section of gravel road was reconstructed in the RM of Cornwallis where existing and new materials were sourced and analyzed to determine if they had the appropriate characteristics for the stabilization process. Once appropriate materials were obtained, the road was reconstructed using a mix of 32% clay and
An ever growing human population inherently means an increasing demand for food. The United Nations have estimated that by the year 2050, the world population is expected to increase to 8.9 billion: a 47% growth from the year 2000. Sustaining such growth may result in the need for land clearing expansions; the outcome of which may adversely impact our environment. A more sustainable and environment-friendly solution is to seek options for optimizing crop yields. Agricultural crops and fruits are vulnerable to climate conditions, plant-eating pests, and disease-causing pathogens, pre- and post-harvest. Chemical-based retardants such as pesticides, insecticides and fungicides have long been used to prevent crop loss in the agricultural industry. Albeit effective for plant protection, concerns surrounding the short and long term effects on human health have led to the advancement of organic farming; thus emphasizing the need for natural, non-toxic solutions. Cypher Environmental Ltd., a Canadian-based provider of … Read More