Adobe Blocks

Cypher EnvironmentalAbstracts

Enzyme and Polymer Contributions and Improvements in Adobe Materials   Mudbrick has become an important material in construction as environmental pollution increases. One of the weakest aspects of the adobe material is its ability to absorb water. When water comes in contact with the soil it can often cause the soil to lose cohesion, which leads to a considerable decrease in strength. In this study, additives comprised of enzymes and polymers were used to increase the water resistance in adobe structures. Furthermore, samples were produced to compare the results without any additives. The specimens were left for 30 days to … Read More

UltraZyme® Bioremediation with Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Salts

Cypher EnvironmentalAbstracts

Salt-Tolerant Hydrocarbon-Degrading Microbial Consortium for Rapid Bioremediation in Soils Co-Contaminated with Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Salts   This study shows that UltraZyme® exhibits a significant tolerance to salts up to concentrations of 10% when degradable organics are readily available in the dissolved phase. When UltraZyme® is exposed to non-aqueous phase hydrocarbons, UltraZyme®’s salt tolerance decreases to 2.5%. However, 2.5% NaCl is still within or greater than the common ranges of salt concentrations encountered in hydrocarbon and salt-contaminated soils. For cases of high-salinity petroleum-contaminated soils and groundwater, we successfully isolated hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria adapted to 10% (w/v) NaCl. Our bioremediation experiment indicated that … Read More

Capillary Rise Experiment – Enzyme Soil Stabilizers

Cypher EnvironmentalAbstracts

Assessing the Effectiveness of an Enzyme Soil Stabilizer Red River valley soils are rich in clay and silt. While this may be beneficial for agricultural uses, fine-grained soils can be problematic as construction materials for roads and foundations. Clay soils have an affinity for weakening during wet weather. They often experience considerable swelling and shrinkage in response to moisture changes. If silt is present, it can be prone to frost heaving in the winter. A number of solutions are applied to mitigate potential construction problems. They range from replacing the fine-grained soil with granular material and the use of geosynthetic … Read More

Dust Stop Liquid Concentrate – Lasting Dust and Erosion Control for Tailings Piles

CypherAbstracts

Dust Stop Liquid Concentrate is a 100% environmentally friendly solution that is very effective for long term dust and erosion control for tailings piles consisting of any material. After application of the emulsion to the tailings, the water evaporates and the polymer particles pack closely together to form a continuous film. Moreover, the application of Dust Stop leads to the isolation of the polymer by the removal of water. In this way, Dust Stop transforms into a flexible polymer film. The ability of Dust Stop to coalesce into a durable, strong, water resistant film allows it to encapsulate all of … Read More

EarthZyme – Paving a New Way for Haul Road Construction

CypherAbstracts

The use of environmentally friendly EarthZyme soil stabilizer can dramatically reduce costs associated with the construction and maintenance of new haul roads and the stabilization of existing haul roads. EarthZyme is a concentrated blend of enzymes, electrolytes and surfactants that produces significant engineering improvements on suitable soils. After an application of EarthZyme, soils with high clay content have shown to yield higher densities, increased CBR (California Bearing Ratio) values, and reduced permeability and expansion. EarthZyme works on clay based soils, stabilizing them to comparable strengths of traditional aggregate haul roads, therefore resulting in significant cost savings in expensive raw material … Read More

Bio-Stabilization of Unconsolidated Base Materials

CypherAbstracts

Rural roads in southwestern Manitoba and across Canada suffer from chronic rapid deterioration requiring expensive ongoing maintenance. The current research is an integral part of the initial attempt at stabilizing rural gravel roads with the introduction of aggregate gravel materials with a high content of reactive clays, organic catalysts, in conjunction with the use and application of appropriate construction protocols. A one-mile test section of gravel road was reconstructed in the RM of Cornwallis where existing and new materials were sourced and analyzed to determine if they had the appropriate characteristics for the stabilization process. Once appropriate materials were obtained, … Read More

UZP Corbana Project: An Environment-Friendly Solution for Optimizing Post-Harvest Crop Yields

CypherAbstracts

An ever growing human population inherently means an increasing demand for food. The United Nations have estimated that by the year 2050, the world population is expected to increase to 8.9 billion: a 47% growth from the year 2000. Sustaining such growth may result in the need for land clearing expansions; the outcome of which may adversely impact our environment. A more sustainable and environment-friendly solution is to seek options for optimizing crop yields. Agricultural crops and fruits are vulnerable to climate conditions, plant-eating pests, and disease-causing pathogens, pre- and post-harvest. Chemical-based retardants such as pesticides, insecticides and fungicides have … Read More